Almost all machine require lubrication especially if it is a moving object. Lubrication is one of the most crucial aspects of any rotating equipment and many machinery failures are preventable by just a matter of lubricating. If you neglect lubrication of your equipment it will result in premature failure which will result in inefficiency.
All machines require radial and axial bearing lubrication in order to maintain reliability in their function. In general, lubrication is important in absorbing shock, dampening noise, reducing wear and tear by separating moving surface, reducing friction, reducing heat, minimizing corrosion, acts as sealing agent and also keeps off contaminants from your equipment.
There are various types of lubricants namely grease which are a semi-liquid mixture of thickening agent and oil which is commonly used in machinery that rotates at higher speeds.
Lubrication Equipment Systems
Machinery lubrication can be done in various ways which are dependent on the design equipment, their speed, and their operating conditions. The manufacturer should always give you the amount/quantity and the type of lubrication that your machine needs. It is your job as the owner to follow the instructions given for efficient operation of the equipment.
Lubricating equipment is for lubricating various machinery parts. They ensure that every part of your machinery is well lubricated for smooth performance. The whole of the lubrication process is very crucial to the functioning of your machines.
The Commonly used Equipment during Lubrication
- Lubrication Injectors
These are major equipment used in the whole of the lubrication process. The injector release the exact amount of lubricant whether oil or grease as per the need of the rotating bearings. They are available according to their compatibility and features of a machine.
- Lubrication pumps
This pump usually feeds grease or oil from their reservoir to the tubing systems (filters, distributors, and valves). Some of the criteria of lubrication pumps include principle operation, type of drive, pump design, type of lubricant, temperature ranges, lubricant quantities and even pressure ranges.
- Hydraulic pumps
They usually change mechanical power into hydraulic. As they operate a vacuum is left in pump inlet. Some types of these pumps include gear pumps, rotary vane pumps, screw pumps, bent axis pumps.
- Oil injectors
They usually handle low viscous lubricants. They are easy to design and very fast to set up even when using them without even redesigning them.
- Lube oil systems
They give lubrication to any equipment in motion using pressure. The system generally contains the pumps, heat exchangers, controls, and filters.
Most Common Ways of Lubrication Equipment
- Splash Lubrication – this type is usually made up of a spinning shaft and an oil reservoir. It works by splashing the lubricant.
- Ring Lubrication – is another type of splash lubrication but this one uses a ring which is dipped deep into the oil reservoir.
- Circulating Oil system – this system usually has an oil reservoir, a pump, a filter and often a heat exchanger. The oil to be supplied in your machine is at very low pressure
- Forced oil lubrication – it is almost similar to the circulating oil system but this one requires your lubrication supply point to be higher to create pressure.
- Oil Mist lubrication – this contains some oil particles that are suspended in the air.
In conclusion, it is very important to always use lubrication equipment every time you are lubricating your rotating objects to increase their efficiency. For more information contact a company for Lubrication Equipment.